Type: public building
Authors: Roman Sakh, Kostyantyn Kuchabskyi, Vasyl Fenchak
Higher educational institutes have always played an important role in urban area. During the modern economical rise of the Near East and the Far East Countries there is a demand for establishing new academies and universities.
Our design project is presented as a concept of higher educational institute of a new type – it is situated on the isle of Ishim-river in central part of Astana (the capital of Kazakhstan).
University center is mostly an autonomous unit and it includes:
1) Transport node (monorail station, pedestrian and bicycle road)
2) 4 dormitories (for social, technical and natural faculties + for personnel)
3) Park recreation zone
4) Sport center (gyms, swimming pools, stadiums)
5) Scyscraper – main building of the university center
Building site was chosen on purpose – skyscraper inscribes to skyline of Astana, Ishim-river isolates it from baneful influence of the city, provides coolness and moisture in arid climate of steppe. Isle is isolated but you can easily reach it from suburbs, while it is situated in the downtown.
Skyscraper is designed in full accordance with functional and structural needs and reflects philosophic conception of authors – only if you master different aspects of knowledge you can rise to heaven’s height. Each of 3 circuits has its own facade skin pattern that reflects the connection with 1 of 3 branches of science. So facade skin pattern of technical faculties is generated from crystal-like, geometric forms, skin pattern of social sciences is formed from national kazakh‘s ornaments and the pattern of natural sciences reminds of a micelium structure. The structure of building functionates and works properly only if all elements of the frame - ramp, circuits, shell and core - cooperate together, that, in its turn, symbolizes synthesis and inalienability of all sciences -their flow from one to another. The frame is constructed on the base of doubled grid of diagonal steel frames.
The Isle is ecologically appropriate and clean place, free of vehicles and full of gardening. Design project is almost autonomous - bioreactors in basements recycle wastes and accumulate fuel.
Alternative sources of energy represented in project are: lotus leaf - shaped solar batteries floating on the surface of river and wind turbines catching flows due to aerodynamic design of facade.
Shell of skyscraper is able to collect atmospheric precipitation and then use it for irrigation of interior green recreation zones.
Engineering (service) floors are responsible for the life support control system and energy accumulation, inner transportation and they are situated in basement and on the last floors. 4 floors with administration of university are situated above entrance hall.
The location of campus infrastructure (entertaining centre with theatre, sportcentre with stadiums, 4 buildings of dormitories, green park zone, transport node) is rational, appropriate and easy for orientation.